NC Department of Health and Human Services
NC Department of Health and Human Services
N.C. Public Health Home

Complete Indicator Profile of Infant Mortality Disparities between African Americans and Whites

Definition

The Infant Mortality Disparity measure is the ratio of the African American infant mortality rate to the white infant mortality rate

Numerator

African American Infant Mortality Rate

Denominator

White Infant Mortality Rate

Why Is This Important?

"Infant mortality refers to the death of a baby in its first year of life. Racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality in North Carolina persist. The death rate of African American babies is nearly 2.5 times the death rate of white babies. Of all infant mortality racial/ethnic disparities in the state, this disparity is the greatest." - North Carolina Institute of Medicine. Healthy North Carolina 2020: A Better State of Health.

Other Objectives

Healthy North Carolina 2020

What Is Being Done?

Healthy Beginnings: Healthy Beginnings is North Carolina's minority infant mortality reduction program. Resources are provided to community and faith-based organizations along with local health departments to implement programs and partner with communities of color.

North Carolina Baby Love Plus Initiative: The NC Baby Love Plus Initiative is a federally-funded healthy start program, in fourteen North Carolina counties, in three regions of the state. The aim of this program is to reduce the racial disparities that affect infant mortality, to deliver healthy babies, and to improve the health of pregnant and interconceptional women and their families.

More Information

http://www.schs.state.nc.us/SCHS/deaths/ims/2010/



Graphical Data Views

Infant Mortality Disparities Between African Americans and Whites North Carolina vs. HNC 2020 Target, 2008-2012

::chart - missing::

North Carolina vs. HNC2020 Year Ratio Numerator Denominator
North Carolina 2008 2.5 14.7 6
North Carolina 2009 2.9 15.8 5.5
North Carolina 2010 2.4 12.7 5.3
North Carolina 2011 2.4 12.9 5.5
North Carolina 2012 2.5 13.9 5.5
HNC 2020 Target 2008 1.9
HNC 2020 Target 2009 1.9
HNC 2020 Target 2010 1.9
HNC 2020 Target 2011 1.9
HNC 2020 Target 2012 1.9

Data Notes

Infant deaths represent all resident deaths of a live born infant under one year of age at the time of death.  The HNC 2020 target, which is the target to be reached by 2020, is repeated in the data table for graphing purposes.

Data Sources

Birth Certificate Database, State Center for Health Statistics  Death Certificate Database, State Center for Health Statistics 



Infant Mortality Disparities Between African Americans and Whites by County, 2008-2012

::chart - missing::

County Ratio Numerator Denominator
Alamance 2.2 13.5 6.1
Alexander ** ** **
Alleghany ** ** **
Anson ** ** **
Ashe ** ** **
Avery ** ** **
Beaufort ** 11.8 **
Bertie ** 17.1 **
Bladen ** 15.3 **
Brunswick ** ** 6.4
Buncombe ** ** 5
Burke ** ** 8.2
Cabarrus 2.5 8.9 3.5
Caldwell ** ** 8.6
Camden ** ** **
Carteret ** ** 7.5
Caswell ** ** **
Catawba 3.4 17.3 5.1
Chatham ** ** 6.4
Cherokee ** ** **
Chowan ** ** **
Clay ** ** **
Cleveland 1.7 13.1 7.7
Columbus 2.1 17.2 8.2
Craven 1.6 11.9 7.6
Cumberland 2.1 13.7 6.6
Currituck ** ** **
Dare ** ** **
Davidson 2.4 18 7.6
Davie ** ** **
Duplin 2.5 19.4 7.9
Durham 3.3 12.8 3.9
Edgecombe ** 9.4 **
Forsyth 2.7 19.1 7
Franklin 2.1 14.4 6.9
Gaston 2.2 16.3 7.4
Gates ** ** **
Graham ** ** **
Granville ** ** **
Greene ** ** **
Guilford 2.5 13.6 5.5
Halifax ** 15.3 **
Harnett 3.8 21 5.5
Haywood ** ** **
Henderson ** ** 5.5
Hertford ** 17.5 **
Hoke 3.1 14.1 4.5
Hyde ** ** **
Iredell 4.6 19.1 4.2
Jackson ** ** 8.3
Johnston 2.9 14.4 5
Jones ** ** **
Lee 2.3 16 7
Lenoir ** 16 **
Lincoln ** ** 7.4
Macon ** ** **
Madison ** ** **
Martin ** ** **
McDowell ** ** **
Mecklenburg 3.8 11 2.9
Mitchell ** ** **
Montgomery ** ** **
Moore ** ** 4.3
Nash 3.2 15.1 4.8
New Hanover 4.2 11.3 2.7
Northampton ** ** **
Onslow 2.3 13.4 5.9
Orange 4.1 15.8 3.9
Pamlico ** ** **
Pasquotank ** 18.2 **
Pender ** ** **
Perquimans ** ** **
Person ** 16.7 **
Pitt ** 19.2 5.5
Polk ** ** **
Randolph ** ** 6
Richmond ** 15.7 **
Robeson 1.5 14.5 9.8
Rockingham 2.3 20.5 8.9
Rowan 1.5 9.6 6.3
Rutherford ** ** 6.3
Sampson 1.3 13.9 10.8
Scotland 1.5 16.2 10.6
Stanly 4.6 21.4 4.7
Stokes ** ** 8.2
Surry ** ** 11.2
Swain ** ** **
Transylvania ** ** **
Tyrrell ** ** **
Union 4.4 14.4 3.3
Vance ** 9.8 **
Wake 3.1 14.3 4.6
Warren ** ** **
Washington ** ** **
Watauga ** ** **
Wayne 2.7 19.8 7.3
Wilkes ** ** 6.9
Wilson 2.2 13 5.8
Yadkin ** ** 6.4
Yancey ** ** 9.4
North Carolina 2.5 14 5.6

Data Notes

Infant deaths represent all resident deaths of a live born infant under one year of age at the time of death.  **Data suppressed if either the number of African American infant deaths or white infant deaths was less than 10.

Page Content Updated On 01/13/2014, Published on 01/15/2014
State Center for Health Statistics, N.C. Division of Public Health, Telephone: 919-733-4728, Fax: 919-733-8485
North Carolina - A better place to be.
The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: Retrieved Wed, 20 August 2014 13:52:02 from the HealthStats website.

Content updated: Fri, 17 Jan 2014 09:30:12 EST