NC Department of Health and Human Services
NC Department of Health and Human Services
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Complete Indicator Profile of Infant Mortality

Definition

Infant deaths represent all resident deaths of a live born infant under one year of age at the time of death.

Numerator

All resident deaths of a live born infant less than one year of age at the time of death

Denominator

Total number of resident live births

Why Is This Important?

"Over 1,000 babies (under age 1) died in 2009 in North Carolina. The most prevalent causes of infant mortality are birth defects, prematurity, low birth weight, and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)." - North Carolina Institute of Medicine. Healthy North Carolina 2020: A Better State of Health.

Other Objectives

Healthy North Carolina 2020

How Are We Doing?

In 2010, North Carolina's infant mortality rate was the lowest in the state's history. However, the infant mortality rate in North Carolina remains higher than the national rate, and racial disparities remain.

What Is Being Done?

Targeted Infant Mortality Reduction Projects: Targeted Infant Mortality Reduction (TIMR) provides funding to local health departments for maternal and infant health services in counties with especially high rates and numbers of infant deaths.

Healthy Beginnings: Healthy Beginnings is North Carolina's minority infant mortality reduction program. Resources are provided to community and faith-based organizations along with local health departments to implement programs and partner with communities of color.



Graphical Data Views

Infant Mortality Rate North Carolina vs. HNC 2020 Target, 2008-2012

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North Carolina vs. HNC2020 Year Deaths per 1,000 Live Births Numerator Denominator
North Carolina 2008 8.2 1,066 130,758
North Carolina 2009 7.9 1,006 126,785
North Carolina 2010 7.0 854 122,302
North Carolina 2011 7.2 866 120,403
North Carolina 2012 7.5 883 119,767
HNC 2020 Target 2008 6.3
HNC 2020 Target 2009 6.3
HNC 2020 Target 2010 6.3
HNC 2020 Target 2011 6.3
HNC 2020 Target 2012 6.3

Data Notes

The rate is per 1000 live births.  The HNC 2020 target, which is the target to be reached by 2020, is repeated in the data table for graphing purposes.

Data Sources

Death Certificate Database, State Center for Health Statistics 



Infant Mortality Rate North Carolina vs. United States, 2000-2012

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North Carolina vs U.S. Year Deaths per 1,000 Live Births
North Carolina 2000 8.6
North Carolina 2001 8.5
North Carolina 2002 8.2
North Carolina 2003 8.2
North Carolina 2004 8.8
North Carolina 2005 8.8
North Carolina 2006 8.1
North Carolina 2007 8.5
North Carolina 2008 8.2
North Carolina 2009 7.9
North Carolina 2010 7.0
North Carolina 2011 7.2
North Carolina 2012 7.8
United States 2000 6.9
United States 2001 6.8
United States 2002 7.0
United States 2003 6.8
United States 2004 6.8
United States 2005 6.9
United States 2006 6.7
United States 2007 6.8
United States 2008 6.6
United States 2009 6.4
United States 2010 6.1
United States 2011 6.0

Data Notes

The rate is per 1000 live births. 

Data Sources

Death Certificate Database, State Center for Health Statistics  National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 



Infant Mortality Rates by County, 2008-2012

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A map depicting age adjusted death rates at the county level over a five year period is available at http://www.schs.state.nc.us/schs/deaths/ims/2012/PCRandCountyRates.pdf. Causes of death were coded using the tenth revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10).

County Deaths per 1,000 Live Births Lower Limit Upper Limit Numerator Denominator
Alamance 7.3 5.5 9.0 67 9,186
Alexander 5.3 2.0 8.6 10 1,891
Alleghany ** 2 480
Anson 7.2 2.7 11.6 10 1,391
Ashe ** 5 1,282
Avery ** 8 776
Beaufort 6.3 3.3 9.3 17 2,694
Bertie 14.1 7.0 21.2 15 1,066
Bladen 8.0 4.0 12.1 15 1,872
Brunswick 7.0 4.8 9.3 38 5,408
Buncombe 5.3 4.1 6.6 70 13,133
Burke 8.4 5.7 11.0 39 4,658
Cabarrus 4.3 3.1 5.4 52 12,187
Caldwell 10.0 6.9 13.0 41 4,115
Camden ** 4 454
Carteret 7.2 4.2 10.2 22 3,048
Caswell ** 9 1,050
Catawba 6.3 4.7 7.9 59 9,349
Chatham 5.1 2.7 7.5 17 3,335
Cherokee 8.4 3.2 13.6 10 1,189
Chowan ** 7 833
Clay ** 4 423
Cleveland 8.9 6.4 11.3 51 5,750
Columbus 11.0 7.4 14.5 37 3,367
Craven 8.2 6.3 10.2 69 8,385
Cumberland 8.6 7.6 9.7 253 29,340
Currituck 8.8 3.4 14.3 10 1,132
Dare ** 8 1,935
Davidson 8.6 6.7 10.6 78 9,026
Davie 4.8 1.8 7.8 10 2,090
Duplin 9.1 6.1 12.1 36 3,960
Durham 6.9 5.8 8.0 150 21,856
Edgecombe 8.7 5.6 11.8 31 3,562
Forsyth 10.0 8.7 11.3 238 23,828
Franklin 8.4 5.4 11.5 29 3,439
Gaston 8.5 7.0 10.1 112 13,130
Gates ** 4 564
Graham ** 3 463
Granville 4.7 2.2 7.1 14 2,996
Greene 10.1 4.4 15.8 12 1,186
Guilford 9.0 8.0 10.1 278 30,747
Halifax 11.9 8.1 15.7 37 3,114
Harnett 8.3 6.4 10.2 72 8,666
Haywood 3.9 1.6 6.2 11 2,820
Henderson 5.0 3.1 6.8 28 5,612
Hertford 14.7 8.2 21.1 20 1,364
Hoke 7.1 4.6 9.5 33 4,677
Hyde ** 3 257
Iredell 6.4 4.8 8.1 59 9,190
Jackson 7.9 4.0 11.7 16 2,038
Johnston 6.6 5.1 8.0 77 11,707
Jones ** 9 487
Lee 8.7 6.0 11.5 38 4,352
Lenoir 10.0 6.7 13.3 35 3,511
Lincoln 8.2 5.5 11.0 34 4,132
Macon 5.8 2.2 9.5 10 1,710
Madison ** 8 926
Martin 9.0 3.9 14.0 12 1,339
McDowell 4.6 1.9 7.3 11 2,413
Mecklenburg 5.9 5.3 6.5 418 70,832
Mitchell ** 1 745
Montgomery 12.2 7.0 17.5 21 1,715
Moore 5.6 3.5 7.7 27 4,823
Nash 9.3 6.9 11.8 55 5,905
New Hanover 4.5 3.3 5.7 52 11,509
Northampton ** 8 1,050
Onslow 6.9 5.8 8.1 144 20,796
Orange 5.5 3.7 7.4 36 6,488
Pamlico ** 7 514
Pasquotank 10.4 6.5 14.3 27 2,598
Pender 6.1 3.3 8.9 18 2,958
Perquimans 16.7 6.8 26.6 11 659
Person 6.5 3.1 9.8 14 2,169
Pitt 11.2 9.2 13.1 124 11,107
Polk ** 5 701
Randolph 6.2 4.5 7.9 52 8,422
Richmond 8.6 5.3 11.9 26 3,015
Robeson 12.5 10.3 14.7 127 10,175
Rockingham 10.5 7.6 13.3 51 4,879
Rowan 6.9 5.1 8.6 56 8,172
Rutherford 7.6 4.8 10.5 27 3,536
Sampson 11.9 8.6 15.1 52 4,378
Scotland 11.5 7.3 15.8 28 2,428
Stanly 7.1 4.3 10.0 24 3,368
Stokes 8.5 4.6 12.4 18 2,116
Surry 9.2 6.2 12.1 38 4,150
Swain ** 7 931
Transylvania ** 9 1,389
Tyrrell ** 2 225
Union 5.7 4.4 7.1 72 12,547
Vance 8.3 5.1 11.6 25 3,007
Wake 6.7 6.0 7.3 427 64,024
Warren 10.6 4.0 17.2 10 940
Washington 13.9 5.3 22.5 10 719
Watauga ** 4 1,812
Wayne 10.5 8.3 12.7 90 8,577
Wilkes 7.9 5.0 10.9 28 3,532
Wilson 8.8 6.3 11.4 46 5,219
Yadkin 6.6 3.2 10.1 14 2,116
Yancey ** 7 878
North Carolina 7.5 7.3 7.8 4,675 620,015
United States 6.2

Data Notes

The rate is per 1000 live births.  **Rates are displayed only for counties that have a minimum of 10 deaths. U.S. data are for 2010.

Data Sources

Birth Certificate Database, State Center for Health Statistics  Death Certificate Database, State Center for Health Statistics 



NC Infant Mortality Rates by Race/Ethnicity, 2008-2012

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Race/Ethnicity Deaths per 1,000 Live Births Numerator
White, Non-Hispanic 5.6
African American, Non-Hispanic 14.0
American Indian, Non-Hispanic 10.6
Other Races, Non-Hispanic 4.0
Hispanic/Latino 5.3
North Carolina 7.5

Data Notes

The rate is per 1000 live births. 

Data Sources

Death Certificate Database, State Center for Health Statistics 

Page Content Updated On 01/23/2013, Published on 04/09/2013
State Center for Health Statistics, N.C. Division of Public Health, Telephone: 919-733-4728, Fax: 919-733-8485
North Carolina - A better place to be.
The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: Retrieved Sun, 21 January 2018 19:00:26 from the HealthStats website.

Content updated: Mon, 15 Apr 2013 11:11:45 EDT