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Complete Indicator Profile of Poverty

Definition

The percentage of persons living in households whose income is at or below the federal poverty level.

Numerator

Number of individuals living in poverty

Denominator

Total population

Data Interpretation Issues

Model-based estimates of poverty may differ from the "true" prevalence of poverty in the population. 90% confidence intervals are provided that take this error into account and present a range in which the "true value" is likely to fall.

For more information on how to interpret confidence intervals, please see: http://www.schs.state.nc.us/SCHS/champ/technical.html

Why Is This Important?

"In general, increasing income levels correspond with gains in health and health outcomes, especially at the lower end of the income scale. People in poverty have the worst health, compared to people at higher income levels. For example, compared with their counterparts, poor adults are more likely to have chronic illnesses such as diabetes and heart disease, and poor children are more likely to be in poor or fair health." - North Carolina Institute of Medicine. Healthy North Carolina 2020: A Better State of Health.

Other Objectives

Healthy North Carolina 2020



Graphical Data Views

Percentage of Individuals Living in Poverty North Carolina vs. HNC 2020 Target, 2009-2011

::chart - missing::

North Carolina vs. HNC2020 Year Percentage of Persons Lower Limit Upper Limit
North Carolina 2009 16.9% 16.0% 17.8%
North Carolina 2010 17.4% 16.4% 18.4%
North Carolina 2011 15.4% 13.1% 17.7%
HNC 2020 Target 2009 12.5%
HNC 2020 Target 2010 12.5%
HNC 2020 Target 2011 12.5%

Data Notes

Following the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Statistical Policy Directive 14, the Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold, then that family and every individual in it is considered in poverty. The official poverty thresholds do not vary geographically, but they are updated for inflation using Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The official poverty definition uses money income before taxes and does not include capital gains or noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid and food stamps).  The HNC 2020 target, which is the target to be reached by 2020, is repeated in the data table for graphing purposes.

Data Sources

U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement 



Percentage of Individuals Living in Poverty by County, 2010

::chart - missing::

County Percentage of Persons Lower Limit Upper Limit
Alamance 18.5% 16.6% 20.4%
Alexander 16.9% 14.1% 19.7%
Alleghany 23.0% 18.9% 27.1%
Anson 22.6% 17.5% 27.7%
Ashe 20.0% 16.7% 23.3%
Avery 23.5% 19.4% 27.6%
Beaufort 20.7% 17.1% 24.3%
Bertie 27.0% 22.0% 32.0%
Bladen 22.3% 18.2% 26.4%
Brunswick 16.5% 14.1% 18.9%
Buncombe 17.1% 15.2% 19.0%
Burke 18.7% 16.2% 21.2%
Cabarrus 12.5% 10.7% 14.3%
Caldwell 18.4% 15.8% 21.0%
Camden 9.7% 7.6% 11.8%
Carteret 14.1% 11.4% 16.8%
Caswell 20.8% 16.9% 24.7%
Catawba 14.5% 12.3% 16.7%
Chatham 14.2% 12.1% 16.3%
Cherokee 18.1% 14.0% 22.2%
Chowan 21.1% 17.0% 25.2%
Clay 18.8% 14.9% 22.7%
Cleveland 20.9% 18.2% 23.6%
Columbus 26.9% 22.9% 30.9%
Craven 17.5% 15.2% 19.8%
Cumberland 18.2% 16.4% 20.0%
Currituck 11.1% 8.6% 13.6%
Dare 12.3% 10.2% 14.4%
Davidson 17.3% 15.4% 19.2%
Davie 14.0% 11.7% 16.3%
Duplin 23.7% 20.5% 26.9%
Durham 18.4% 16.7% 20.1%
Edgecombe 24.5% 20.7% 28.3%
Forsyth 16.7% 15.1% 18.3%
Franklin 16.0% 13.2% 18.8%
Gaston 19.9% 17.9% 21.9%
Gates 17.5% 14.2% 20.8%
Graham 22.5% 18.0% 27.0%
Granville 15.5% 12.8% 18.2%
Greene 23.7% 18.8% 28.6%
Guilford 17.9% 16.6% 19.2%
Halifax 26.2% 22.3% 30.1%
Harnett 16.7% 14.2% 19.2%
Haywood 14.6% 11.7% 17.5%
Henderson 15.8% 13.7% 17.9%
Hertford 26.1% 21.3% 30.9%
Hoke 19.0% 15.8% 22.2%
Hyde 21.9% 16.9% 26.9%
Iredell 13.3% 11.3% 15.3%
Jackson 19.3% 15.4% 23.2%
Johnston 16.1% 14.0% 18.2%
Jones 18.4% 14.3% 22.5%
Lee 18.6% 15.6% 21.6%
Lenoir 23.2% 20.1% 26.3%
Lincoln 15.0% 12.8% 17.2%
Macon 19.3% 16.1% 22.5%
Madison 19.7% 15.8% 23.6%
Martin 23.4% 19.2% 27.6%
McDowell 19.9% 16.7% 23.1%
Mecklenburg 15.6% 14.5% 16.7%
Mitchell 18.5% 14.7% 22.3%
Montgomery 24.6% 21.1% 28.1%
Moore 16.6% 14.4% 18.8%
Nash 15.6% 13.0% 18.2%
New Hanover 18.1% 16.2% 20.0%
Northampton 22.5% 17.9% 27.1%
Onslow 15.8% 13.4% 18.2%
Orange 17.4% 15.5% 19.3%
Pamlico 15.2% 11.3% 19.1%
Pasquotank 22.9% 20.0% 25.8%
Pender 16.7% 13.7% 19.7%
Perquimans 16.4% 12.6% 20.2%
Person 16.4% 13.5% 19.3%
Pitt 21.6% 19.1% 24.1%
Polk 14.4% 11.0% 17.8%
Randolph 18.1% 15.8% 20.4%
Richmond 28.1% 24.5% 31.7%
Robeson 31.5% 28.0% 35.0%
Rockingham 18.5% 16.0% 21.0%
Rowan 20.1% 17.8% 22.4%
Rutherford 25.0% 22.3% 27.7%
Sampson 21.4% 18.2% 24.6%
Scotland 27.2% 22.6% 31.8%
Stanly 15.4% 12.6% 18.2%
Stokes 14.3% 11.7% 16.9%
Surry 19.3% 16.3% 22.3%
Swain 18.5% 14.5% 22.5%
Transylvania 15.9% 12.5% 19.3%
Tyrrell 28.7% 22.6% 34.8%
Union 9.2% 7.5% 10.9%
Vance 24.3% 20.4% 28.2%
Wake 12.0% 11.2% 12.8%
Warren 27.1% 22.3% 31.9%
Washington 22.4% 17.2% 27.6%
Watauga 24.8% 22.0% 27.6%
Wayne 19.7% 17.4% 22.0%
Wilkes 19.9% 16.9% 22.9%
Wilson 22.9% 20.2% 25.6%
Yadkin 15.1% 12.3% 17.9%
Yancey 20.3% 16.3% 24.3%
North Carolina 17.4% 17.2% 17.6%
United States 15.3% 15.2% 15.4%

Data Notes

Following the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Statistical Policy Directive 14, the Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold, then that family and every individual in it is considered in poverty. The official poverty thresholds do not vary geographically, but they are updated for inflation using Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The official poverty definition uses money income before taxes and does not include capital gains or noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid and food stamps). 

Data Sources

U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Estimates Branch 

Page Content Updated On 11/30/2012, Published on 12/03/2012
State Center for Health Statistics, N.C. Division of Public Health, Telephone: 919-733-4728, Fax: 919-733-8485
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Content updated: Wed, 9 Jan 2013 16:28:47 EST