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Indicator Report - Poverty

Why Is This Important?

"In general, increasing income levels correspond with gains in health and health outcomes, especially at the lower end of the income scale. People in poverty have the worst health, compared to people at higher income levels. For example, compared with their counterparts, poor adults are more likely to have chronic illnesses such as diabetes and heart disease, and poor children are more likely to be in poor or fair health." - North Carolina Institute of Medicine. Healthy North Carolina 2020: A Better State of Health.

Percentage of Individuals Living in Poverty North Carolina vs. HNC 2020 Target, 2009-2011

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Data Notes

Following the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Statistical Policy Directive 14, the Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold, then that family and every individual in it is considered in poverty. The official poverty thresholds do not vary geographically, but they are updated for inflation using Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). The official poverty definition uses money income before taxes and does not include capital gains or noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid and food stamps).  The HNC 2020 target, which is the target to be reached by 2020, is repeated in the data table for graphing purposes.

Data Sources

U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement 

Other Views


The percentage of persons living in households whose income is at or below the federal poverty level.

How We Calculated the Rates

Numerator: Number of individuals living in poverty
Denominator: Total population

Page Content Updated On 11/30/2012, Published on 12/03/2012
State Center for Health Statistics, N.C. Division of Public Health, Telephone: 919-733-4728, Fax: 919-733-8485
North Carolina - A better place to be.
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Content updated: Wed, 9 Jan 2013 16:28:47 EST